Around 7000BC Wimbledon, like most of modern London, would have been part of a vast forest of oak, elm, birch, lime, pine and hazel trees. These provided an ideal habitat for red deer and elk who were attracted bands of early hunters as evidenced by primitive flint tools found on the Common. New hunting techniques then spread from Europe including domesticated dogs plus bows and arrows.

By the Neolithic period around 4000BC people were domesticating animals and cultivating crops so the forest was cleared in places to create fields which were turned by early ploughs pulled by oxen. Settlements began to cluster around the fields and the first pottery vessels appeared. On the edge of Wimbledon Common 23 grave mounds, only one of which survives, bears witness to the advancement of the Bronze Age. It is possible that around 2200BC the first settlement appeared it what is now known as Caesar's Camp.